Taiwan Tea Competitions: A Comprehensive Overview

February 17, 2015 2 Comments

Here are some answers to questions about tea competitions in Taiwan. These regional competitions set a precedent of quality and value for all of the tea growing regions in Taiwan. The number of competitions alone is an impressive represenation of the specialty tea industry in Taiwan.

What are the most distinguished specialty tea competitions, and why?

The most distinguished tea competition in Taiwan is the Oriental Beauty Oolong Tea competition in Emei, Hsinchu County in northern Taiwan. This is because Oriental Beauty is a traditional Oolong Tea that is made with the help of the Green Leaf Hopper insect that likes to feed on the sap of tea leaf buds. Authentic, bug bitten Oriental Beauty is only produced in very small quantities each year, and so demands the highest value.

Primary stage of tea judging at the Lugu Farmers' Association Dong Ding Oolong Tea Competition

Second to Oriental Beauty for being a specialty tea competition is Tieguanyin Oolong - produced in Muzha, Taipei. This is for similar reasons as the Oriental Beauty, minus the help of the Green Leaf Hopper. Tieguanyin is a traditional Oolong Tea that is grown from an heirloom strain of tea plants in extremely small amounts in the hills just outside of Taipei City. It also is a prime example of an artisan tea in that it requires knowledge, skill, and an extraordinary amount of time to make. 

Packaging competition tea at the Lugu Farmers' AssociationWhat are the top five tea competitions based on number of entries and/or value of prize-winning teas?

  1. Lugu Farmers’ Association Dong Ding Oolong Tea
  2. Emei Farmers’ Association Oriental Beauty Tea
  3. Meishan Farmers’ Association High Mountain Tea
  4. Yuchi Farmers’ Association Black Tea
  5. Heping Farmers’ Association High Mountain Tea
What tea competition has been a model for others to follow?

The Lugu Farmers’ Association Dong Ding Oolong Tea Competition was the first competition to be established in 1976, and has been the primary model for other competitions to follow.

Lugu Farmers' Association competition tea fair

What tea competitions are most sought after by foreign markets?
  1. Lugu Farmer’s Association (Dong Ding Oolong Tea)
  2. Alishan Farmers’ Association (Alishan High Mountain Tea)
  3. Emei Farmers’ Association (Oriental Beauty Tea).
What percentage of Taiwan tea competitions is Oolong Tea?

At least 90% of all competitions in Taiwan is Oolong Tea.

Have Taiwan's tea competitions  influenced the development of tea competitions in other countries?

Yes, Taiwan tea competitions have been emulated in mainland China.

Did Taiwan initially follow the example of other foreign tea competitions?

Only insofar as using  basic implements of a porcelain lidded cup and tea bowl for tea assessment, which were adopted from the tea industry in India.

How many tea competitions are there in Taiwan?  

The number of competitions produced by regional Farmers' Associations and well established tea trade associations is about 25 . There are also other competitions that are held less consistently by various enterprises, but these are the standard established competitions that are held on a bi-annual (spring and winter) or annual basis (Oriental Beauty and Black Tea). Most competitions are conducted by local farmers’ associations, so these are listed first. The sizes of these competitions vary greatly – from only a hundred plus  to over 6000 entries.

Farmers’ Associations (by county, locale, and tea type - from North to South of the island):

Taipei County

            Sanxia: Biluochun Green Tea

            Wenshan: Baozhong Oolong Tea

            Muzha: Tieguanyin Oolong Tea

Hsinchu County

           Emei: Oriental Beauty Oolong Tea

Taichung County

            Heping: High Mountain Oolong Tea (Lishan; Dayuling)

Nantou County

            Renai: High Mountain Oolong Tea (Tsuifeng; Qilaishan, etc.)

            Yuchi: Black Tea (Taicha #18; Assam; Mountain/wild strain)

            Xinyi: High Mountain Oolong Tea (Yushan)

            Nantou City: Green Mountain Oolong Tea

            Mingjian: Jin Xuan Oolong Tea,

                             Tsui Yu Oolong Tea,

                             Qing XinOolong Tea,                                           

                             Four Seasons Spring Oolong Tea

            Zhushan: Oolong Tea, (Shanlinxi)

                               Jin Xuan Oolong Tea

            Lugu: Dong Ding Oolong Tea

Chiayi County

            Meishan: High Mountain Oolong Tea (Alishan; Rueli, Zhangshuhu)

            Alishan: High Mountain Oolong Tea

 

There are also other associations that have been established to promote their local specialty teas through education and marketing – mainly in the form of tea competitions, such as:

Nantou Tea Trade Organization: Jin Xuan Oolong Tea

                                                        Tsui Yu Oolong Tea              

                                                        Qing Xin Oolong Tea

                                                        Four Seasons Spring Oolong Tea

Zhushan Jin Pai Zhang (private company): High Mountain Oolong Tea

Dong Ding Tea Cooperative: Dong Ding Oolong

                                                 New Varietal (Jin Xuan Oolong)

Yonglong/Fenghuang District Dong Ding Oolong Tea

These competitions are not only a marketing strategy. They also preserve tea culture and local pride in traditional products of regional origin. In some cases, there are competition fairs held by the host facility after the results are publicized where the public can come learn about tea production and quality assessment from professionals. Consumers can also sit down and drink tea with the producers, and buy directly from the source. This is a modern paradigm of tea culture that Taiwan has developed. In certain regions, it preserves an artisan tradition that would probably not survive the purely commercial trends in the industry.

 

We have learned a great deal from both professional tea judges and tea artisans who participate in tea competitions about recognizing the quality of specialty tea. While there is controversy among tea makers as to the validity of various aspects of competition methodology, there can be no denying that these competitions have sustained the quality and value of specialty teas as well as traditional teas of regional origin.


 





2 Responses

Eco-Cha Teas
Eco-Cha Teas

December 17, 2020

It would require you to contact each farmers’ Association individually to find out their schedule of submitting the tea entries, tasting the tea, and releasing the results. Typically this is a 1–2 week process. So each competition requires about 10-12 days from the time of submission to the results. And then the bigger competitions have a public fair/market where the tea producers can sell their produce directly to the public. So it really requires direct contact with each farmers’ Association — as each has their own agenda.

Don Kilmer
Don Kilmer

December 17, 2020

How can I get the dates for the various tea farmers’ associations competitions? I am thinking about a trip to Taiwan in one of the coming years for visiting as many of the competitions as possible.

Leave a comment

Comments will be approved before showing up.


Also in News

Competition Grade Wuyi Oolong Tea Dry Tea Leaves
Competition Grade Wuyi Oolong Tasting Notes | Eco-Cha Tea Club

January 10, 2021

Wuyi was once the specialty tea cultivar of choice in the historical Songboling tea growing region in southern Nantou County. But it got replace with more prolific cultivars in recent decades. We are grateful to have a chance to experience this tea strain that really does stand on its own in comparison to the more popular strains. It has a robust character when made as a lightly oxidized, unroasted tea. And its hardy nature is able to withstand extensive roasting that other strains cannot.

View full article →

Competition Grade Wuyi Oolong Tea field
Competition Grade Wuyi Oolong | Eco-Cha Tea Club

January 09, 2021

Batch 62 of the Eco-Cha Tea Club comes from the same plot of tea as last month's batch. When we tasted this month's batch of unroasted Wuyi Oolong, following the heavily roasted batch that we shared last month, we were inspired to offer these two very different tasting teas back-to-back. Tasting these two batches of tea that were made from basically the same raw produce (different seasonal harvests), but processed differently, provides an educational experience on how significant processing methods are in determining the final product.

View full article →

Eco-Cha Teas Caffeine Calculator 4.0
Caffeine Calculator 4.0: Now With Bottled Iced Teas and More Loose-Leaf Teas!

December 24, 2020

It is important to know how much caffeine you are consuming, but with so many different teas, sizes, and brands; it can be tricky to figure out exactly how each tea stacks up. 

Ready-to-drink bottled teas have caffeine values listed on the bottle, but how does the caffeine in ready-to-drink tea measure up with loose-leaf tea, or a tea bag? What about steep time? Is double the amount of tea double the caffeine? 

The Caffeine Calculator makes all this easy. 

View full article →